Preventing mold growth inside house
For mold to grow in a place there needs to be organic matter for them to feed on and moisture to sustain their growth. Organic matter includes drywall, wood and other materials used for construction.
As it is possible to control moisture levels in the house, maintaining low moisture will certainly prevent mold from growing.
Preventing Mold by Keeping Moisture Low
It takes one to two days for mold to start growing. If the conditions are favorable, for instance if your wooden surface remains wet beyond one day, then there is a risk of mold growing.
Preventing Mold by Repairing Leaks
Leaking roofs, pipes, and walls are known causes for the growth of mold in homes. Leaks, particularly those that go undiscovered for a while will dampen the moisture and surfaces around, causing mold to grow.
Leaks are best fixed immediately. In addition, a regular check and maintenance routine around the house will help discover leaks sooner than later.
Preventing Mold by Managing Condensation
Condensation usually takes place when water vapor in the moisture converts into liquid and then settles on cold surfaces in the form of water drops. Metal pipes, water tanks, windows, and concrete walls are common surfaces on which you’ll find condensed liquid.
Condensation does not take place in warm temperatures therefore keeping your rooms warm is a sure way of preventing condensation. Firstly, insulate your rooms and surfaces. Secondly, keep humidity levels in your home low. This way, you will be keeping temperatures warm and dry.
Preventing Mold by Maintaining Low Humidity Level
Humidity alone is enough for several types of mold to start growing. 55% of humidity and above, is what it takes for some molds to start growing. Proper ventilation in the home is a natural way of keeping humidity levels low. Keeping your windows open during the hot season and closed during rainy and cold seasons help balance humidity in the house.
Rooms with utilities that constantly generate steam and moisture like the bathroom and kitchen need to be thoroughly ventilated. Invest in an exhaust fan to keep humidity levels low when cooking and washing.
People have also invested in air cons and dehumidifiers to maintain low levels of humidity in the home and this is acceptable.
Preventing Mold by Aerating Wet Clothes
Wet clothes are a common cause of mold in the house that is why mold allergies are common in homes where clothes are hang indoor yet these rooms lack proper ventilation. Clothes should be left to dry out in the open immediately after being washed. In addition, damp clothes need to be aerated even before they are washed rather than be left in a pile.
If possible, dry clothes out in the open. Drying clothes indoor is good for the clothes but not to the atmosphere. Moisture from drying clothes usually is released and retained in the atmosphere and this increases moisture levels. Clothes’ dryers too need to release air out in the open to keep the room dry. Bottom-line, ventilation is important for any room.
How to Remove Mold
When you notice mold growing in your home or even signs of mold, just addressing moisture problems in the house is not the ultimate solution.
Mold has the ability to lie dormant for a long while after moisture has been taken out of it. Therefore, ensure that after you tackle moisture problems, also take steps to remove the mold.
Identify sources of food for mold and Clean Up to Prevent Mold
Organic matter like cotton and wood are great sources of food for mold. Mold doesn’t grow on non-porous surfaces like metal except these surfaces are lined with grease or organic matter on which mold can feed.
Porous materials that create a favorable condition for mold to grow and feed include carpet, wood, fabrics, food, ceiling tiles, dust, inside of air conditioners, paper, plasterboard, leather, and other organic materials.
A simple regular cleaning of dirt can prevent mold from growing. Dusting and vacuuming should be a part of your regular cleaning program. HEPA Vacuuming is recommended as it gets rid of the micro particles floating in the atmosphere. With a surprising 80% of mold growing on dust, HEPA Vacuuming is necessary.
Preventing Mold by Reducing Mold Spores
Mold spores are a common phenomenon in the air space, the home air not excluded. They are everywhere, in buildings and out in the open and it is not really possible to get rid of all mold spores in the air.
Nevertheless, an increased number of mold spores inside the home poses health dangers. First, by being allergenic hence causing allergic reactions and secondly, by causing mold to grow in the home. Ideally, concentration of mold spores inside should be lower than concentration outside.
Mold spores get into the homes through different means. They get in through openings such as windows, air ducts, and doors or through media such as the human skin, pets, hair, and clothing.
Practically speaking, it is impossible to eliminate all mold from the air in your home but it is possible to reduce these spores to a harmless level. By harmless we mean they will neither cause mold to grow nor cause mold related health hazard.
Regular cleaning and dusting will help keep mold spores to the minimum. Since these spores are micro particles, HEPA vacuuming is a suitable way of getting rid of them.
Preventing Mold Naturally with Sunlight
Mold thrives in dark space particularly indoor. To prevent mold from growing, allow maximum sunlight into your home during the day by drawing open your curtains.
Preventing Mold with Warmth
For mold to grow, a warm humid environment is necessary. Ideally, a temperature of 70°F (20°c) or more in a damp area is what it takes most molds to grow.
That is why air conditioners are important in the home as they regulate temperatures and as well prevent the growth of mold.